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Historical Attractions in Iran

Iran is home to many top historical attractions. It is a pleasure to see the amazing historical and archeological sites for those who are interested in these places. Join us in this article to introduce you to the top historical attractions in Iran.

Iranian architecture helps the rich history of this country and together they evoke a utopia from the rich culture of the Persians. Ornamental tiles and clever engineering masterpieces show the power of Iranian architecture for centuries. Having 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Iran, you will never face a shortage of places of interest. It has unique mosques and desert cities, and in short, the breadth and diversity of Iranian historical architecture are amazing.

Read More: UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Iran

Top Historical Attractions in Iran

1- Khajoo Bridge and Si-o-Se Pol Bridge, Isfahan

Khajoo Bridge is one of the top historical attractions in Iran that was built during the Safavid period, which was built on the Zayandehrud River in Isfahan by the order of Shah Abbas II. The architectural, tiling, and painting style of Khajoo Bridge is a world masterpiece that attracts all viewers. Khajoo bridge is 133 meters long and 12 meters wide. Khajoo Bridge is adjacent to Zayandehrud River by stairs on one side.

This Bridge has been designed in such a way that it has the ability to control the flow of water, especially since this bridge was also a kind of dam in the past. This control of the water occurred by opening and closing the valve for which it was made. When the dam gates were closed, the water behind the dam was higher, so it could be used to irrigate gardens and fields.

Khaju bridge, top historical attractions in Iran
Khaju Bridge – Pedram Forouzanfar

Si-o-Se Pol bridge is another bridge over the Zayandehrud River in Isfahan, which are 33 openings, 295 meters long and 14 meters wide. This bridge is a unique masterpiece of the reign of Shah Abbas I. Despite the fact that the bridges are built in low cross-sections, the widest part of the Zayandeh River has been chosen to build this bridge, because this part of the river is located in a wide and calm shallow part and has a spectacular view.

Si-o-Se-Pol Bridge, Isfahan, Iran
Si-o-Se-Pol Bridge, Isfahan

2- Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Isfahan

This square, which is one of the largest and most famous squares in the world, is located in the center of Isfahan and is one of the top historical attractions in Iran. Before the Safavid dynasty chose Isfahan as its capital, there was a large garden called Naghsh Jahan in Naghsh-e Jahan Square, inside which there were many government buildings and palaces. When Shah Abbas reached the throne, he enlarged the square. According to various sources, the current structure of Naghsh Jahan Square was built during the reign of Shah Abbas I, the Safavid.

Shah Abbas chose this square as the central core of Isfahan and around it, he placed the Aali Qapo Palace as the center of government, the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque as the religious center, the bazaars as the economic center, and the Shah Mosque as the social center.

Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Isfahan
Naqsh-e Jahan Square – by Micheal Chow

Read More: Naqsh-e Jahan Square
Also, In case you are wondering to visit this top historical attraction in Iran, here are Iran tours that consist of Isfahan.

3- Historical bath of Sultan Amir Ahmad, Kashan

The architecture and decorations used in the bath of Sultan Amir Ahmad have made it a valuable piece of art and one of the top historical attractions in Iran. This bath was built during the Seljuk period, but its entrance belongs to the Qajar period, and according to some, the bath was built on the ruins of the previous bath and a small bath was attached to it.

What makes this bathroom so attractive and spectacular is the interesting architecture, golden and blue tiles as well as the skillful plastering. To all these attractions, arched ceilings, murals, and colorful glass have been added, which has turned it into a masterpiece.

Sultan Ahmad Bathhouse - kashan
Sultan Ahmad Bathhouse, kashan

4- Sialk Archeological Hills, Kashan

Silk Archeological Hills in Kashan has a long history. About 5,000 years ago, cave dwellers living on the Iranian plateau decided to go to the plains due to the changing ecosystems and climatic conditions. Because the conditions in the plains were better because of the farm. They did so and turned to the plains forever, and then little by little the age of progress began. Archaeologists have done a lot of digging in this regard and have come to the conclusion that the oldest people in the plains were in fact the same people who lived in a place called Sialk near Kashan. Their history dates back to 7,000 years ago.

The Sialk Hills were actually places of worship for ancient people and, like many other religious structures at the time, had a pyramidal shape, made of clay and pottery. You should know that even a century ago, no one knew about the existence of such a great civilization, until about 80 years ago, after a flood that occurred in the agricultural lands of Kashan, this historical region was discovered. That’s why it among the top historical attractions in Iran.

Sialk Tepe, one of top historical places in Iran
Sialk Tepe, one of top historical places in Iran – by Diego Delso

5- Historical Houses in Kashan

The beautiful city of Kashan is one of the most historic cities in Iran, which has a special reputation for having large, beautiful, and old houses. These houses represent the unique and valuable Iranian architecture that has preserved its historical identity over time. The top 3 historical houses of Kashan include the Tabatabai house, the Boroujerdi house, and the Abbasid House.

Interior room of Tabatabai House
Interior room of Tabatabai House – by Amir Pashaei

Read More: Historical Houses of Kashan
Also, In case you are wondering to visit these and other attractions in Kashan, here are Iran tours that consist of Kashan.

6- Persepolis (Takht-e Jamshid), Shiraz

Persepolis is a symbol of glory in ancient Iran and without a doubt one of the TOP historical attractions in Iran. Perhaps the region of Persepolis and the remaining buildings in it can be considered one of the most important documents in the history of civilization in the world. Hence, prominent scientists and archaeologists from all over the world have traveled to Iran to visit Persepolis. Considering the greatness of the Achaemenid Empire in ancient Iran, which covered a significant part of the eastern part of the world, one can understand the glory of the headquarters of these kings in Persepolis.

What attracts the attention of the world to Persepolis is not only the historical antiquity of this ancient city, and archaeologists have discovered the development of civilization in ancient Iran through careful study of inscriptions and artifacts from this region. The social laws of the Achaemenid period have also surprised many historians.

Gate of all Nations, Persepolis
Gate of all Nations, Persepolis – by Blondinrikard Fröberg

7- Pasargadae, Shiraz

The tomb of Cyrus the Great is in Shiraz, which as the founder of the Achaemenid dynasty in 546 BC, built its capital and called it Pasargadae. The general architectural form of the tomb consists of platforms on which the main building is located. The tomb of Cyrus was built before his death by his own order, which was considered sacred in all Achaemenid periods and was well preserved. The tomb of Cyrus the Great with its palaces and halls is among one of the top historical attractions in Iran.

Tomb of Cyrus the Great
Pasargadae – by David Stanley

Read More: Persepolis, Pasargadae
Also, In case you are wondering to visit this and many other attractions, here are Iran tours that consist of Shiraz and Fars.

8- Bisotun Inscription, Kermanshah

Bisotun historical site is one of the most important and top historical attractions in Iran, and the inscriptions of Darius have been registered by UNESCO. Inside the historic site of Bisotun, there are valuable artifacts from prehistoric Iran to the Islamic era.

Works such as the World Inscription of Darius the Great, the statue of Hercules, the remains of the Sassanid dam and bridge, the Bisotun mirage, patriarchal buildings, Safavid buildings, ancient caves, the relief of Goodarz II and Shah Abbasi inn, which together are one of the richest and most prestigious historical sites in the world. Perhaps the reason for the accumulation of so many works from different historical periods in one place is the great sanctity that Mount Bisotun has had among the Iranian ancestors for many years.

Bisotun – by Koorosh Nozad Tehrani

Read More: Bisotun; Where History Hides in the Heart of Nature
Also, In case you are wondering to visit this attraction, here are Iran tours that consist of Kermanshah.

9- ChoghaZanbil Ziggurat, Khuzestan

The construction of the Choghazanbil historical site, which began around 1250 BC during the Elamite period, remained unfinished after the Assyrian invasion. The thousands of unused bricks left in the area are a testament to this. In 1979, Choghazanbil was the first historical monument from Iran to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The international community values it exceptionally and universally. Orientalists consider Choghazanbil to be the first religious building in Iran. This temple is also the largest architectural remnant of Elamite civilization known to date. Being the first and the largest structure in the history of Iran is a good testament to why it’s among the top historical attractions in Iran. 

Tchogha Zanbil in Susa, Khuzestan - Archeological Tour of Iran
The Ziggurat of Choghazanbil – by CortoMaltese_1999

Read More: The Ziggurat of ChoghaZanbil
Also, In case you are wondering to visit this top historical attraction in Iran, here are Iran tours that consist of Khuzestan.

10- Grand Bazaar of Tabriz

Tabriz Bazaar is one of the largest indoor markets in the world and one of the masterpieces of Iranian architecture and easily is one of the top historical places in Iran. The original foundation of the historical bazaar of Tabriz dates back to the beginning of Islam, which is evidenced by the location of the Grand Mosque in the vicinity of the bazaar. Also, the passage of the Silk Road through the city and the bazaar of Tabriz proves the importance of the issue.

High arches and domes, interconnected brick structures, the arrangement of shops, the multiplicity of temples, and a large number of schools and mosques located next to the commercial buildings, have left this bazaar as an excellent example of Islamic and Oriental business and living environment.

Tabriz Historic Bazaar
Tabriz Historic Bazaar- by Roberto Cornacchia

Iran is a country with very rich and many top historical places and these monuments are only part of the historical attractions of this country. If you are interested in ancient Iran and visiting top historical places in Iran, you can visit this country by buying a tour from To Iran Tour website and enjoy your trip to Iran and spend good moments in this country. Also, if you think any other places and attractions are missing this list, please comment us below!

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