Isfahan, Iran: An Ultimate Travel Guide

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Isfahan in a Glance

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Isfahan is an important city as it is located at the intersection of the two principal north-south and east-west routes that traverse Iran.

From 1050 to 1722, it flourished particularly in the 16th and 17th centuries under the reign of the Safavid dynasty since Isfahan was their capital.

It is famous for its Perso-Islamic architecture, grand boulevards, historic bridges, palaces, tiled mosques, and minarets. The city also has many historical buildings, monuments, and paintings.

This city is known as “Nesf-e-Jahaan” which means half of the world. It is given to this city because of its several wonders and beauties.

History of Isfahan

Step into the captivating world of Isfahan, a city steeped in history that weaves together a rich tapestry of ancient splendor. Its origins trace back to the time of the Achaemenid Empire, an era that unfolded over two thousand years ago. During this remarkable period, the city emerged as a vibrant and cosmopolitan center, embracing diversity and fostering an atmosphere of religious and ethnic tolerance. It stood proudly among the great cities of its time, rivaling the grandeur of Athens and Rome, and surpassing even the magnificence of London, Paris, and Istanbul.

The city, once a sprawling metropolis, pulsated with life and left an indelible mark on the pages of history. Its streets echoed with the footsteps of generations, its architecture spoke of bygone glory, and its spirit resonated with the aspirations of countless souls. Nestled in the heart of Persia, the city blossomed into an urban marvel, captivating the imagination of all who beheld its splendor. Its rise to prominence was nothing short of extraordinary, captivating the hearts of conquerors and poets alike. The city’s captivating beauty transcended time and space, leaving an everlasting impression on the story of human civilization.

Isfahan Geological Characteristics

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Located in the central region of Iran, Isfahan province boasts a fascinating geographical setting. At its heart lies the Isfahan Metropolitan, situated on the vast ZRT and alluvium plain. This expansive area, consisting mostly of sedimentary deposits like silt and clay, showcases the diversity and richness of the region’s natural landscape.

The geographical wonders of the city are a sight to behold. The ZRT and alluvium plain, with their fertile soil, have played a vital role in supporting agriculture and sustaining the livelihoods of the local communities. The region’s ecosystems thrive amidst this fertile land, creating a diverse and captivating environment.

With its breathtaking scenery and panoramic views, the province offers a visual treat for visitors. Rivers and lakes gracefully wind through the terrain, providing sustenance for plants, animals, and human settlements. The province’s remarkable geography serves as a backdrop for the captivating history and culture of the city, blending the beauty of nature with the achievements of humanity.

Isfahan Weather/Climate

The western and central parts of the province are mountainous with a mild and dry climate. But the east and northeast regions are hot and dry. Because the Dasht-e Kavir, Iran’s largest desert, surrounded these regions. Also, there is a river flowing from the east to the southwest of the province which people call Zayenderood. Actually, Zayenderood means the fertile river. It is obvious from its name that the climate depends on this river.

In fact, Zayenderood has two effects on the climate: the first one is watering the plain. Many canals distribute Zayenderood’s water within the plain and this is why this name is given to the river. The second effect is caused by humidity. Without Zayenderoud, half of the world is so dry.

Top Places to See in Isfahan

Isfahan city in Iran is known for its old and beautiful buildings. Here are some of the amazing and pretty places you should visit:

Naqshe Jahan Square

This is a big square in the middle of the city with a market, a palace, and two mosques. It’s a very important place and looks really nice.

Jame Mosque of Isfahan

Jame Mosque is very old and has been changed many times over the years. It has special areas where you can see the sky. It’s a big mosque with four of these areas, and the biggest one shows the direction of Mecca.

Khaju Bridge

This is a famous and popular bridge there. It was made a long time ago and goes over a river. It has 23 parts and has nice pictures and tiles.

Si-o-se-pol Bridge

Si-o-se-pol is the biggest bridge over the river there. It was built a long time ago and connects two parts of the city. It’s also a dam and has 33 parts.

Chehel Sotoun Palace

This palace is in a garden that is very famous. It was made a long time ago for a king. Inside the palace, there is a big room with paintings and ceramics showing important events.

Menar Jonban

These are two tall towers that shake when one of them is moved. They were made a long time ago for a religious person. It’s a unique thing to see.

Vank Cathedral

This cathedral is in a neighborhood called New Julfa. It was made for the Armenian people a long time ago. The inside of the cathedral has pretty paintings on the walls and ceiling.

Isfahan Music Museum

This is a new museum that shows old musical instruments from Iran. You can see more than 300 of them and sometimes watch live music performances.

Hasht Behesht Palace

This palace is also in a pretty garden. It was made a long time ago and has a special shape. It has nice decorations made from plaster, glass, and mirrors.

Atashgah (Zoroastrian Fire Temple)

This temple is on a hill and is very old. It shows the history of Zoroastrianism in Iran. From the hill, you can see a big area around it.

These are just a few of the many beautiful places that you should visit.

Shopping and the Best Souvenirs to Buy: Isfahan Travel Guide

Purchasing souvenirs is often a thrilling aspect of any journey. Isfahan souvenirs have gained worldwide popularity due to their beautiful craftsmanship.


One popular edible souvenir is Gaz. It has a long history and was even offered as a gift between kings. Gaz is a sweet confection made with pistachios, rosewater, and other ingredients.


Poolaki is a famous sweet and souvenir. It is a type of candy that is enjoyed by both tourists and locals. It belongs to the candy family and is widely popular.

Mina-Kari (Vitreous Enamel)

The city is the birthplace of vitreous enamel, an art form that involves decorating metal materials with vibrant colors. It is considered one of the most important handicrafts and is highly appreciated by tourists. It is used to decorate metal containers as well as pottery.

Khatam Kari

Khatam Kari is a traditional woodcraft. Skilled artists create intricate geometric patterns by assembling small pieces and triangles of wooden shapes. Materials such as bone, gold, silver, brass, and various types of wood are used to create these beautiful designs.

Qalam Kari

Qalam Kari is the art of printing on fabric using wooden molds. Artists create stunning designs on various fabrics, making them visually appealing and unique. It is a simple yet beautiful form of art.

Kashi Kari (Tiling)

Isfahan has a long history of producing tiles. Historic minarets were decorated with Cyan tiles during the Seljuk period. The city produces a variety of tiles, including building tiles, enameled tiles for exteriors of buildings and mosques, and decorative items like dishes and pots. These tiles often feature intricate designs and vibrant colors.

Nightlife in Isfahan

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Isfahan city comes alive after dark, offering an exciting nightlife scene. Here are the top places to experience the city’s vibrant evenings:

Si O Se Pol Bridge

Visit this iconic bridge spanning the Zayandeh River. Enjoy the illuminated arches and the lively atmosphere with street vendors selling local treats.

Soffeh Mountain Park

Find peace amidst the city at this serene park. Take a leisurely stroll and admire the stunning night views.

New Julfa

Explore this lively neighborhood known for its Armenian heritage. Discover trendy bars, cozy cafes, and charming restaurants.

Khaju Bridge

Experience the enchantment of traditional music beneath this captivating bridge. Join in the festivities and enjoy the melodies.

Naqsh-E Jahan Square

Conclude your evening at this UNESCO World Heritage site. Admire the illuminated historical buildings and soak in the lively atmosphere.

The nightlife offers a mix of culture, entertainment, and natural beauty. Explore these spots to make the most of your evenings in the city.

Isfahan Suburbs

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In addition to the bustling city center, Persia Isfahan offers a variety of charming suburbs and nearby towns that are worth exploring. These suburban areas provide a different perspective on the region, showcasing unique attractions, natural beauty, and cultural experiences.


Jolfa neighborhood is where the Armenian community settled when they first came to the city. Shah Abbas ordered the Armenians from Julfa in Nakhchivan to migrate to Isfahan, and they initially lived in Shamsabad. Gradually, they formed the Jolfa neighborhood, which became a thriving Armenian community in Isfahan.


Shahinshahr is a small city situated in Iran’s Isfahan province. With a population of around 200,000 residents, it is experiencing rapid growth. The city is renowned for its tranquil atmosphere, hospitable residents, and lively cultural scene. Shahinshahr has emerged as a sought-after tourist destination, attracting visitors who seek to immerse themselves in the harmonious blend of modernity and tradition that the city exemplifies.

How to Get to Isfahan?

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You can reach Isfahan through various modes of transportation:

By Car

You can access the city by car from all directions, including cities like Tehran, Kashan, and Shiraz. The highways connecting these cities are in good condition.

By Bus

The city is well-connected by bus services from major cities, surrounding provinces, and regional towns. Buses from Tehran depart every 30 minutes. VIP buses offer more comfort with spacious seating and amenities like minibars.

By Plane

Daily flights are available from major cities such as Tehran, Mashhad, Tabriz, Shiraz, Ahvaz, and Bandar Abbas. Austrian Airlines also offers direct flights from Vienna to Isfahan, and Turkish Airlines operates daily flights from Istanbul. Check for the latest flight ticket deals.

By Train

There is a daily night train from Tehran to Isfahan, passing through Qom and Kashan along the route. Additionally, a day train operates between Mashhad and Isfahan on a daily basis.

Best Time to Visit in Isfahan

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The ideal time to explore Isfahan is in spring. During this season, the nights are warm, and the daytime temperatures are pleasant. It’s a great time to enjoy the cities without extreme heat or discomfort.

Spring brings a burst of colors and a pleasant atmosphere to Isfahan. You can comfortably explore the attractions during the day and experience the vibrant culture. The evenings are mild and perfect for strolling, trying local food, and immersing yourself in the city’s charm.

From mid-June onward, the weather becomes hot, making visits less enjoyable. To ensure a pleasant trip, plan your visit in spring to make the most of here and Tehran’s beauty and cultural offerings.

Public Transportation in Isfahan: From Airport to Downtown

In Isfahan city, you can use the metro, taxis, and buses for public transportation and easily access different parts of the city and its tourist attractions.

If you have a private car, you may encounter odd and even travel plans that restrict access to tourist attractions and shopping centers. It’s better to use the public transportation network, which offers a wide variety of options.


The city has a recently established subway system. Currently, Line 1 runs from north to south, connecting various areas of the city. You can use this line to reach some attractions located near the metro stations.


Buses are a popular and extensive mode of transportation. The city has 176 bus lines and over 1,600 buses, making it one of the best bus systems in the country. Linear buses and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) lines are available, providing convenient access to different parts of the city.


Cycling is a popular way to explore the city. You can rent bicycles from stations located throughout the city by providing the necessary documents and renting them for a specified period.

Isfahan Best Foods

Isfahan is renowned for its rich culinary heritage, offering a delightful array of traditional dishes. Here are some of the best traditional dishes, along with recommended authentic restaurants known for their expertise in preparing these delicacies:


Beryani is a savory rice dish that is a specialty of Persia Isfahan. It is typically made with saffron-infused rice, tender pieces of meat (such as lamb or chicken), and a blend of aromatic spices. One highly recommended restaurant to savor this dish is “Shahrzad Restaurant,” known for its flavorful Beryani.

Bastani Sonnati

Bastani Sonnati is a traditional Iranian ice cream that is rich, creamy, and infused with flavors like saffron, rosewater, and pistachios. For the best Bastani Sonnati, head to “Gelato Mio,” a popular ice cream parlor known for its authentic and high-quality Persian ice creams.

Ash Reshteh

Ash Reshteh is a hearty Persian noodle soup made with a variety of herbs, legumes, and reshteh (thin noodles). It is a cherished comfort food. For a delicious bowl of Ash Reshteh, visit “Moslem Restaurant,” a well-known eatery that specializes in traditional Iranian soups and stews.

These recommendations are based on the expertise and recommendations of industry professionals who have a deep understanding of the culinary scene. By visiting these authentic restaurants, you can indulge in the best traditional dishes that the city has to offer and experience the authentic flavors of the region.

Isfahan Restaurants

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Isfahan has great restaurants with delicious food. Whether you want traditional Persian dishes or vegetarian options, these restaurants offer a memorable dining experience.

Shahrzad Restaurant

Shahrzad restaurant is very old and has traditional decorations. They serve traditional food and have friendly staff. The prices are high, but the experience is worth it.

Zima Healthy Food

Zima is a restaurant on Bozorgmehr Street that serves vegetarian food. Most of the mentioned restaurants are vegan-friendly too.


Pasto is a nice cafe-restaurant located at the end of Madi Niasarm. It has great food and a welcoming atmosphere.

Keryas Luxurious Restaurant

Keryas is a fancy restaurant on top of Arg-e Jahan Nama. The staff is friendly, the food is delicious, and the prices are high.

Bam-e Shahr

Bam-e Shahr is a restaurant at the end of Hezar Jerib street. They have a wide menu, and the prices are high. It’s best to visit at night to enjoy the city lights.

Isfahan Hotels

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When planning a trip to this unforgettable city, it’s important to choose the right place to stay. Here are some great hotels in Isfahan:

Ghasr Monshi Boutique Hotel

This hotel is in an old building from the Qajar dynasty. It has a Persian atmosphere and is a national heritage site. The hotel has a nice courtyard and serves delicious Persian food. The rooms are clean and spacious.

Bekhradi Historical House

This hotel is in a 400-year-old building. It is comfortable and beautiful, like a museum. It’s located near a historical site from the Safavid era.

Keryas Traditional Hotel

This hotel is a short walk from Naghsh-e Jahan Square. It’s in an old building from the Qajar era and has 15 rooms. The hotel offers modern facilities and a peaceful atmosphere.

Abbasi Hotel

This 5-star hotel has a beautiful design from the Safavid era. It has about 225 rooms and a lovely garden. The hotel is located on Chahar Bagh Boulevard.

Khajoo Hotel

This 4-star hotel offers the amenities of a 5-star hotel. It has clean rooms and friendly staff. The hotel is in Khajoo Boulevard.

Consider your preferences and needs when choosing a hotel in Persia Isfahan. Whether you want historical charm, comfort, or modern amenities, there are options available to suit your preferences.

Things to Know Before Visiting Isfahan

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Isfahan, a city rich in history and architectural wonders, is a popular destination for travelers visiting Iran. Before embarking on your journey to this enchanting city, there are a few key things to keep in mind to ensure a smooth and enjoyable experience.

Financial Transactions

Because of sanctions, Iran is not connected to the international money transfer system. In Isfahan, you won’t find ATMs that accept foreign bank cards. So, it’s important to bring enough cash in euros or dollars for your expenses.


Isfahan, like the rest of Iran, is considered a safe place for tourists. It has low crime rates, and many people visit every year. However, it’s still wise to be cautious and take necessary safety precautions while traveling here to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

FAQs about Isfahan

Q1: What is Isfahan Iran known for?

A1: A lot of people think Isfahan is the prettiest city in Iran and one of the prettiest in the world. It has lots of roads with trees and gardens full of flowers, and there are also many lovely parks along the Zayandeh Rood river. Isfahan also has old markets, bridges, palaces, mosques, and tall towers called minarets that are 1300 years old.

Q2: What is Isfahan in Islam?

A2: Isfahan, an important city located in central Iran, served as the magnificent capital for both the Seljuq and Safavid dynasties. Their enduring legacies solidified Iran (previously known as Persia) as the cultural center of the eastern Islamic world, particularly in terms of language (Persian), art, and architecture.

Q3: Why is Isfahan called half of the world?

A3: Isfahan is considered one of the prominent cities in Iran when it comes to historical landmarks and tourist attractions. The locals refer to this city as the “half of the world” because they believe it encapsulates the wonders and beauties of an entire world within itself.

Q4: What are the famous facts about Isfahan?

A4: Isfahan is the third-largest city in Iran and the third most populous, following Tehran and Mashhad. It boasts six UNESCO-registered heritage sites. The city is often referred to as “Nesf-e Jahan,” which translates to “half of the world,” due to its magnificent Islamic architecture, picturesque boulevards, ancient bridges, palaces, and mosques.

Q5: Is Isfahan a good place to live?

A5: Isfahan provides a relaxed lifestyle combined with the convenience of urban living, thanks to its excellent facilities, riverbank, and friendly residents. It is an ideal city for international students, offering a pleasant and welcoming atmosphere that draws thousands of people for leisure, education, and business purposes.

Q6: Why visit Isfahan?

A6: Isfahan is recognized as a significant archaeological hub, comparable to world-class destinations. Many of its artifacts have been registered as monuments, highlighting the city’s rich historical and cultural heritage. It holds a prominent global position in various fields, including art, economy, science, industry, commerce, and tourism, making it highly regarded on an international scale.

Q7: Is Isfahan beautiful?

A7: In 1979, Isfahan’s Maydan-e Emam, also known as “Imam’s Square” in Persian, was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Presently, the city still bears much of its former splendor. Numerous visitors consider here to be the most exquisite city in Iran and among the most stunning worldwide.

Q8: What language is Isfahan?

A8: The majority of the population in Isfahan speaks Persian as their first language. However, there is also a minority of residents who speak other languages such as Luri, Turkic, Georgian, Biyabanaki, and Armenian.

Q9: How old is Isfahan Iran?

A9: Isfahan has a rich history that traces back to ancient times. During the Achaemenid Empire (648–330 BCE), it was known for its diversity and religious tolerance, with a mix of different ethnic and religious communities living harmoniously. At its peak, it was one of the largest cities in the world, rivaling renowned cities like Athens and Rome, and surpassing the grandeur of cities like London, Paris, and Istanbul.

Q10: What is the nickname of Isfahan?

A10: Isfahan is famously known as “Nesf-e Jahan” or “Half of the World,” a nickname that reflects its historical importance as a thriving hub of commerce, culture, and art. This title highlights the city’s significant contributions and its reputation as a central and influential place in these domains.

Last words: Experience the Best of Isfahan with a Customized Tour

Isfahan is an important city in Iran. It’s at a crossroads of major routes and used to be the capital during the 16th and 17th centuries. Isfahan is known for its beautiful buildings, bridges, and mosques with colorful tiles. It has many historical places and is called “Nesf-e-Jahaan,” meaning half of the world because of its wonders and beauty.

If you are seeking an extraordinary travel experience in Iran and have set your sights on exploring the enchanting city of Isfahan, embarking on a customized and tailored tour is highly recommended. At ToIranTour, we understand that every traveler has distinctive preferences and expectations when exploring a new destination.

Our Iran tours to Isfahan encompass a wide range of attractions and activities designed to showcase the city’s grandeur and charm. Moreover, ToIranTour goes beyond conventional tourist sites, introducing travelers to the local way of life and off-the-beaten-path experiences. Contact us now to embark on a tailor-made journey!

Visit Isfahan, Half of the World

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