Exploring Tabiat Bridge in Tehran | A Guide to Iran’s Iconic Pedestrian Bridge

Tabiat Bridge

Tabiat Bridge is a stunning example of contemporary architecture in Tehran, Iran. This iconic pedestrian bridge has become a popular attraction for tourists and locals alike. Whether you are an architecture enthusiast or just someone who appreciates beauty, the Tabiat Bridge is a must-see destination in Iran. In this guide, we will explore the bridge’s design, history, and answer some common questions.

The Design of Tabiat Bridge

The bridge is the largest pedestrian bridge built so far in Iran. Spanning over Shahid Modarres, one of the major highways in Tehran, it connects two public parks. The bridge is about 270 meters long and consists of a 3-dimensional truss with two continuous levels that sits on three tree-shaped columns. There are two platforms on top of the main columns forming the 3rd level viewpoints.

All the levels are connected to each other by stairs and multiple ramps, providing multiple paths throughout the bridge to get from each level to another. Even though bridges are usually considered as structural projects, the approach for Tabiat Bridge is more architectural.

The bridge’s design was based on five main premises. First, the bridge was designed to connect multiple points on one park to multiple points on the other. The bridge widens to 60 meters on its west entrance and forms a plaza on the same level as the park. This makes it difficult to recognize where the park ends and the bridge starts.

Second, the bridge is not just a path to pass but a place to stay. There is a café-gallery and a restaurant in the lower level of the bridge. In addition to this, there are many benches and other seating areas in all levels which make it possible for the users to stay on the bridge for as long as they want and enjoy the scenery which they cannot see from any other place.

Tabiat Bridge
Photo by Alessio Patron on Unsplash

Third, the curvilinear plan, changes in widths, and the slight slope of the floors slow down the user and offer a sense of wander. This approach constantly shifts the views of users towards the parks, cityscape, and mountains.

Fourth, the locations with a minimum number of trees were selected for locating the columns in order to minimize the impact on the existing trees. Lastly, the depth of the structure is large enough to make it an architectural space. It is a 3-dimensional truss that is the structure itself and provides an architectural space.

History of Tabiat Bridge

Tabiat Bridge was designed by Leila Araghian as part of a local competition for the design of a bridge to connect two parks in north Tehran that were separated by a highway. In designing the bridge, a process that took a total of 4 years, Araghian wanted it to “be a place for people to stay and ponder, not simply pass.”

Construction of the bridge started in 2010, using a total of 2000 tonnes of steel and 10,000 cubic meters of concrete before it was finished in October 2014. Construction of the bridge over a large highway was described as a big challenge, with platforms and temporary tunnels built to ensure that nothing fell onto the road below.

Visiting Tabiat Bridge

Visitors can enjoy the bridge at any time of the day or night, as it is open 24 hours a day. It’s a perfect spot for taking pictures, enjoying a meal or coffee, or just taking a leisurely stroll.

The best time to visit the bridge is during the late afternoon or evening when the sun sets, and the lights come on. The view of the city is stunning, and the cool breeze is refreshing. It is recommended to wear comfortable shoes as there are stairs and ramps to climb.

Frequently Asked Questions about Tabiat Bridge

What is the Tabiat Bridge and where is it located?

Tabiat Bridge is an architectural masterpiece, the largest pedestrian bridge in Iran. It is located in the northern part of Tehran and connects two public parks by spanning over Shahid Modarres, one of the major highways in the city.

How long is the Tabiat Bridge and what is it made of?

The bridge is approximately 270 meters long and consists of a 3-dimensional truss with two continuous levels, supported by three tree-shaped columns. The truss is made of steel and the deck is made of reinforced concrete.

What inspired the design of the Tabiat Bridge?

The design of the bridge was inspired by the desire to connect multiple points on both parks instead of just one point on each park. The curvilinear plan, changes in widths, and slight slope of the floors were intended to slow down the user, provide a sense of wander, and constantly shift the views of users towards the parks, cityscape, and mountains.

Are there any facilities or amenities on the Tabiat Bridge?

Yes, the bridge is not only a path to pass but also a place to stay. There is a café-gallery and a restaurant in the lower level of the bridge. In addition, there are numerous benches and seating areas on all levels, providing users with an opportunity to relax and enjoy the beautiful scenery.

What is the significance of the name “Tabiat”?

“Tabiat” means “Nature” in Persian, and the name was chosen to emphasize the connection between the bridge and the surrounding parks and natural environment.

When was the Tabiat Bridge constructed and by whom?

The architectural and structural design of the bridge was completed in 2010 by Diba Tensile Architecture in collaboration with local engineering firms. The construction of the bridge took four years, and it was inaugurated in October 2014.

Is the Tabiat Bridge accessible to everyone?

Yes, the bridge is open to the public and is accessible to everyone, including people with disabilities. The bridge is equipped with ramps and elevators to provide easy access to all levels.

What is the best time to visit the Tabiat Bridge?

The Tabiat Bridge can be visited at any time of the year, but the best time to visit is during the spring and autumn seasons when the weather is mild and the parks surrounding the bridge are in full bloom.

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