+98 21 48394210 info@toirantour.com
+98 21 48394210 info@toirantour.com

Zagros Mountain Range in General

The ancient and vast plateau of Iran, located at latitudes between 25 and 40 north degrees. Mainly placed in the dry and semi-dry strip of the northern hemisphere, but the existence of two seas in the north and south of it as well as Alborz and Zagros Mountains in the west, and its plains have given it a distinct climatic diversity and diverse vegetation. The 1300-kilometer Zagros mountain range is from the northwest of Iran (the border of Iran and Turkey) and it extends to the southwestern border of Iran and Pakistan. Historically and in terms of civilization, Zagros has an ancient history of several thousand years, and empires such as the Achaemenids have formed 2500 years ago in it. Ecologically, Zagros has 7 high water levels and watery rivers, and more than 40% of the country’s water comes from five and a half million hectares of its forest and ten million hectares of its rangelands. In terms of vegetation, Quercus is the index of forest habitat that includes 25 species and 10 subspecies and varieties. Iranian Quercus brantii var.persica is an endemic species of these forests and does not exist anywhere else in the world.

Zagros Mountain range | iran's attractive mountains
Zagros Mountain Range, by Erich Meyer

The Zagros Mountains Vegetation

In addition to the Iranian oak, there are other exclusive species in this mountain range, including mountain almond (Amygdalus Orazii). Its other herbal features are including the 57 species, subspecies, and varieties of the Rosaceae family that represent the peak of the vegetative evolution of this family on a global scale.

Oaks of Zagros mountains
Oaks of Zagros Mountains

44% of Zagros trees and shrubs have medicinal and industrial properties. Only a Pistacia Atlantica or wild pistachio can be extracted in a wide range of pharmaceutical and industrial products. This product plays an important role in providing subsistence for Zagros forest inhabitants.

Pistacia Atlantica or wild pistachio Pistacia Atlantica or wild pistachio

In this wide area of Zagros Mountain, there are many freshwater lakes that two of them, Zarivar Marivan in Kurdistan province and Ghor Oshtrankouh in Lorestan province are more famous. Rare plant species and rare wildflowers are found at a short distance from these lakes. Many Botanists believe that Iran is one of the main territories of tulip flowers. Tulipa has just 18 species in Iran, four of which are endemic monopolies of Iran. Also, the Fritillaria tulip has 15 species in Iran, six of which are exclusively Iranian species. There are unique plains of these flowers in Zagros and numerous festivals are held on this occasion. Finally, in terms of anthropology, many tribes and cultures live in the midst of this mountain range who have their own characteristics in language, customs, and traditions.

Iran Tour & Travel Packages

/All Iran Tours
  • Iran Ski Tour - Sahand & Sabalan Mountains

    12 Days Iran Ski Tour – Sahand & Sabalan Mountains

    12 Days & 11 Nights

    This trip will give you an unbelievable skiing experience and new insights into a different culture. We offer ski tours that suit every budget. Our program is flexible and will give you about 12 days of skiing in Sahand and Sabalan Mountains.

  • Eco-Yoga Retreat in Iran Tour

    10 Days Eco-Yoga Retreat in Iran

    10 Days - 9 Nights

    In this eco-yoga retreat, you have this opportunity to just be yourself. Our Yoga retreat tour takes place in amazing mountain villages of Ardabil province in the north-west of Iran.

  • Ski touring in Iran - Damavand

    9 Days Ski tour in Iran – Damavand

    9 Days & 8 Nights

    When first thinking about it, it might appear to be an absurd idea to go to Iran to play ski. But this is a trip that will give you an unbelievable skiing experience and new insights into a different culture.

  • Iran Archeological Tour

    18 Days Iran Archeological Tour

    18 Days & 17 Nights

    Join us in Iran Archeological Tour and learn about the archaeology, architecture, and the art of our fascinating country. Iran is home to some truly amazing sights and sites.

  • Eco-Yoga into Classic Iran

    10 Days “Yoga into Classic Iran“ Tour

    10 Days & 9 Nights

    To Iran Tour offers you an opportunity to explore one of the world’s oldest civilizations, with a rich culture, history, and magnificent natural landscapes in a healthy joyful way.

  • Dizi Sangi or Abgoosht

    15 Days Persia Health and Lifestyle Tour

    15 Days - 14 Nights

    In this tour, you will delve deeper into the healthy lifestyle of traditional Persians. You get familiar with Persian Traditional Medicine and Humorism.

  • Cycling in Iran Classic Route Tour - To Iran Tour

    15 Days Cycling Tour in Iran – Classic Route

    15 Days - 14 Nights

    This cycling tour offers an opportunity to visit the cultural and major heritage sites of the great cities of Iran, mainly with bicycle.

  • Kaluts in Lut Deserts in Kerman, Iran - Iran Persia & Desert Tours

    22 Days Explore Lut Desert Safari Tour

    22 Days & 21 Nights

    Our 22-day trip program, entitled “Desert and Oasis Tour of Iran”, includes the natural and historical attractions of the central regions of Iran.

  • Asiatic Wild Ass, Khar Touran National Park

    6 Days Iran Wildlife Tour

    6 Days - 5 Nights

    Iran wildlife tour is an adventure tour designed especially for individual travelers and small groups who respect wildlife. Join us for an exciting trip to Iran to visit the natural wildlife.

  • Natures Treasures & Horse, horseback riding

    7 Days Natures Treasures & Horseback Riding Tour

    7 Days & 6 Nights

    With our Natures Treasures & Horseback Riding Tour we will show you the most sensational places in Golestan province in just 7 days and take you on amazing adventures.

  • Feel Classic Persia - 5 Senses Tour

    Feel Classic Persia by 5 Senses Tour

    From€ 1,600
    12 Days - 11 Nights

    With this Iran 5 Senses tour, you have a chance to do things that usually tourists do not do in Iran, like making ceramics with your hands and visiting musical instrument-making workshops, etc.

  • Iran Birdwatching Tour

    13 Days Iran Birdwatching Tour

    13 Days - 12 Nights

    Join our Iran Birdwatching Tour for 13 days to experience Middle East’s second largest country that offers a great deal to the intrepid and curious traveler.

  • Overlooking Chelgerd Village, Kuhrang

    8 Days Ski touring in Iran – Zagros Mountains

    8 Days - 7 Nights

    When first thinking about it, it might appear to be an absurd idea to go to Iran to play ski. But this is a trip that will give you an unbelievable skiing experience and new insights into a different culture.

  • Qom Carpet, Iran

    9 Days Persian Theme Tour

    9 Days - 8 Nights

    From a long time ago, the land of Persia has been known for its carpet. In fact, Iranian taste and aesthetic are manifested in the pictograph of the carpets. The Persian carpet is a media of communication.

  • Iran's UNESCO world Heritage Sites

    16 Days Iran UNESCO Sites Tour

    16 Days - 15 Nights

    Our 16 days journey has tailored to take you across some part of this ancient land. Discovering Iran’s complex culture, Iranians’ warm hospitality and endless layers of history will be possible by this trip.

  • 13 Days Iran Silk Road Tour

    13 Days - 12 Nights

    In Iran Silk Road Tour, we experience some of the most eminent historical sites across Iran: ancient archaeology, teeming bazaars, majestic mosques, and astounding desert route.

  • Iranian Carpet with an amazing pattern

    13 Days Persian Carpet Tour

    13 Days - 12 Nights

    In this 13-day trip, the “Persian Carpet” can only be part of the Persian carpet culture that belongs to the central Iranian regions.


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